Archive for category Justice
To date, NamUs, The National Missing and Unidentified Persons System, lists approximately 164 registered missing from Connecticut. Other sources are claiming 300+. The true number may be somewhere in between.
ALL families in Connecticut that have a missing person or unsolved homicide are invited to attend. The event is FREE and open to the public.
Please bring pictures, posters, or any mementoes of your loved one to share with the public and the media.
Cue Center for Missing Persons registered cases from Connecticut include:
- Bernadine Paul, from Waterbury, age 38. Missing since year 2000. Circumstances – She went missing at a retail store after making a bank withdrawal.
- Evelyn Frisco, from New Haven, age 42. Missing since 2004. Circumstances – Following a court appearance she was never seen again. (The nature of the court appearance is unknown to this writer.)
- Mary Badarraco, from Sherman, age 53. Missing since 1984. Circumstances – Former husband, Dominic Badarraco, is a person of interest in this case and was also more recently charged with bribing a judge on unrelated charges.
- William P. Smolinski, Jr. from Waterbury, age 31. Missing since 2004. Circumstances – Last Seen at his home in the vicinity of the 100 block of Holly St. in Waterbury, CT. All of his personal belongings were left behind.
Amid the backdrop of tradition, respect, proud history of service, and numerous collectible keepsakes, we hold our On the Road to Remember event on the grounds of the Connecticut State Police Museum (The oldest State Police force in the country!)
Connecticut State Police Museum
294 Colony Street Meriden, CT – (Leo J. Mulcahy Complex)
Director: Jerry Longo
Event with the Cue Center Staff and Families begins at 11:00 a.m. to 12:30 p.m.
Museum Tours available beginning at 9:30 a.m. to approximately 2:00 p.m.
Museum Phone: Call 203.440.3858 for appointments and tour information.
Contact On-Line Form: http://www.cspmuseum.org/contact/onlineform.asp
Media has been invited to interview family members and bring more awareness to all missing person’s cases from our area.
Join us to remember ALL of Connecticut’s MISSING!
“Reading people is neither a science nor an innate gift. It is a matter of knowing what to look and listen for, having the curiosity and patience to gather the necessary information, and understanding how to recognize the patterns in a person’s appearance, body language, voice, and conduct” …….Jo-Ellan Dimitrius
Jury Consultation is one of those “behind the scenes professions” of which the general public is not always aware. It is controversial, can be seen as ineffective compared to other methods and only afforded to those who are wealthy. If you’ve ever seen a passing mention of this profession on TV, it is always glamorized. Even so, perhaps some basic features and illustrative examples can make an otherwise dry topic “come alive” and help us to understand this murky world to some degree.
An Introduction from Audrey Cleary- Villanova University
- Juries decide thousands of cases every year. Even though the majority of court cases are not settled by juries, predictions about juries influence decisions to pursue or avoid jury trials;
- Therefore, the jury system maintains a central importance in American law. Given this importance, it is not surprising that the selection of jurors has, for many, become a scientifically-rooted service for which attorneys and litigants will often pay handsome fees.
- Definition – Scientific Jury Selection: is the application of behavioral and social scientific principles to the selection of jurors most sympathetic to a particular side in a court case.
- It has experienced a growth spurt since its inception in the early 1970’s and received substantial publicity in the news media for its use by the defense in the O.J. Simpson criminal trial in 1995;
- It is a virtually unregulated field of endeavor;
- Evidence from academia largely indicates that scientific jury selection does no good, yet the market for such services continues to flourish;
- Traditional jury selection in most jurisdictions consists of three stages:
Creation of a list of citizens eligible for jury duty, followed by selection of a sample of those persons to be summoned to court. The third stage is the process of voir dire where potential jurors are questioned either individually or in a group, sometimes by attorneys but often by the presiding judge.
At A Glance: History, Examples and Problems:
Scientific jury selection had its roots in the 1971 trial of Philip Berrrigan and six other anti-war activists of the infamous “Harrisburg Seven.” Among their charges, conspiring to destroy secret service records and kidnap former Secretary of State Henry Kissinger! Synopsis by Defense Attorney, Tom Menneker
The Case of Joan Little – A Black Woman- Sexual Assault in Prison- Washington, North Carolina. The first two weeks of the trial were consumed by jury selection. Because it was a capital case, prospective jurors were screened carefully by both sides about their views on the death penalty. Although prosecuting attorneys relied on traditional questions to inform their exercise of peremptory challenges, the defense employed a variety of jury-selection techniques that were anchored on a mathematical model portraying ideal jurors that had been constructed by the social scientists on the defense team.
In the 1980’s, jury selection expanded to trial consulting including focus groups and consumer profiling. An example, David Rudolf hired a jury consultant for the first trial (January 2003) of defendant Michael Peterson (Murder of his wife December 9, 2001). Although the eight part documentary “drama” The Staircase” by director, Jean-Xavier de Lestrade is slanted toward the defense’ perspective, you can readily see the true narcissistic character of Michael Peterson.
The defense team had thousands of dollars with which to put up their defense (although they had “a budget”.) The team began their strategy in closed door sessions in a hotel by beginning with a written accounting of “Good Facts; Bad Facts.”
Jury consultant Margie Fargo, had these telling analytical words to say when listening to comments of their focus group or in defense strategy meetings throughout the piece:
- “This is not New York. This is THE SOUTH” regarding the topic of Michael Peterson’s bi-sexuality;
- “His accent is too hard to understand and the jury may lose interest.” referring to the testimony of Dr. Henry C. Lee;
- “The defense hasn’t put up any emotion. It’s been science, science, science. They want to know the story. That’s a problem.”
- In Michael Peterson’s words: “The DA has to win and on the other hand my lawyer wants to win. The truth is lost.”
With the thousands of dollars spent, and time spent strategizing, going to Germany to do “damage control “regarding the other woman who “mysteriously fell down the stairs,” the defense still lost the case. Was the money for jury consultants well spent? Some say that wealthy, New York Defense Attorney David Rudolf whose best friend is Barry Scheck, was distrusted by the North Carolina jury.
The Trial Consulting Industry
In 1999, trial consulting was estimated to be a $400 million industry, with over 400 firms and over 700 practitioners with varying degrees of expertise in the areas of behavioral psychology, sociology, the law, and communications and marketing.
Methods Used for Scientific Jury Selection include: survey questions, focus groups, mock trials, pre-trial investigations and voire dire assistance.
This “science” is perhaps more of an art in that predicting verdicts depends upon many variables. Demographics and personalities are reported to account for at most 15% variability in verdicts. In other words, there is no true way to predict the tendency of juries based on any variable!
Ms. Cleary’s research states that, more than any other factor, the quality of evidence determines the outcome of a trial. Therefore, the implication is that jury consultants might be better served to offer their expertise to attorneys in the area of evidence presentation versus jury selection! Well said!
“Jury of One’s Peers” A farce? How can the process be fair when some attorneys pay a lot of money for hand selected jurors and the fact that “some Americans, namely, persons who do not register to vote or hold driver’s licenses, are regularly excluded from jury selection”
Other issues brought to bear include the Constitutionality of “a group selected for their biases.” The scientific jury selection really is about “the perception of fairness” versus actual fairness. The fact is there are no true standards that regulate participating professionals in trial consulting. Why not? SJS proponents essentially say it is better than nothing and that trial consultants don’t rely on “stereotypes of group attitudes” as attorneys do.
The Last Word:
“Never accept a juror whose occupation begins with a P. This includes pimps, prostitutes, preachers, plumbers, procurers, psychologists, physicians, psychiatrists, printers, painters, philosophers, professors, phony’s, parachutists, pipe-smokers, or part-time anythings.” –William Jennings Bryan (U.S. Congressman, Democratic presidential nominee, and former Secretary of State)
“The Murky World” of Jury Consultants
The Legacy of Leah Toby Roberts and the “On the Road to Remember Tour“ with the CUE Center for Missing Persons 2014
“There are no good-byes, wherever we are, you’ll always be in my heart”. Anonymous
GONE MISSING at age 23! Leah was an adventurous young woman from Durham, North Carolina who was inspired and grieving. If this combination was flirting with disaster only Leah, her perpetrator(s), and perhaps the well honed experience of Monica Caison, Founder of the Community United Effort (CUE) Center for the Missing would know in their heart of hearts.
Leah Roberts’ story is not a story in the sense of entertainment, rather, it is a true account with certain known facts, but also shrouded in mystery, possibilities, hypotheses, innuendo and lots of unsubstantiated speculation. The fact that CUE Center volunteers decided to “form a caravan” on a grueling 14-day trip to retrace Leah’s route and inform the media of all those who were missing while performing this search, is the heart and soul of the “On Road to Remember Tour” and the reason for this blog.
What is the Road to Remember Tour? In the Words of Monica Caison:
“On the Road to Remember, National tour ” is an awareness campaign focusing on missing persons cases that have gone cold or have not received appropriate media coverage on the local level – much less the national level.. The tour, which travels through many states annually, provides that attention. Each year particular regions of the country are selected with “more interest growing “along the way.
In all cases of missing people, it is vital to inform the public of the missing person’s circumstances quickly and to disseminate that information to the media and the public. In most cases where details are released immediately to the public through an organized campaign, the public brings forth information that aids in the investigation and or the location of the victim. The media plays a significant role in getting the word out on the behalf of the missing person and should be recognized as a vital resource to any investigation.
Interest in many of the cases we have featured in previous tours has been renewed. The media have learned about local cases they were unaware of; case investigations have been renewed, and searches conducted. Information has resulted in new leads in some cases, and has even helped identify an unknown decedent and in 2008 solved a cold case of twenty-eight years. Finally, with each tour, some of the missing persons featured have been found through various efforts. This is the main reason the Cue Center conducts the tour despite the toll it takes on our all-volunteer staff.
It is the belief of the CUE Center for Missing Persons that all investigations, the public, volunteers and the media should work in collaboration on cases involving missing children and adults; until this happens, their will continue to be cases of the missing labeled “cold” or “inactive.”
WHAT IS A RALLY STOP?
A rally stop is a place that is pre set by anyone who wishes to host one for suggested missing person(s). Once a location is secured CUE will inform the host of time and date of arrival. Each stop is one hour and a half long for whatever program the host wishes to have and feature; this is the time to bring an awareness to your community of missing persons.
Returning to Leah Roberts:
Events and known facts will be listed here and perhaps some of the “theories” if only for the purpose of creating legitimate leads, jogging memories or “growing a conscience;”
- Vital Statistics: Caucasian Female; DOB – 7-23-1976; 5’ 6” 130 pounds; sandy blonde hair blue eyes;
- Distinguishing Marks: Pierced ears, dimples, Surgical scar on right hip, metal rod- femur –secondary to previous car accident
- Habits- Lifestyle – Vegetarian, smoker, Fluent Spanish speaker, strong southern dialect;
- Leah spent much time at Cup O’ Joe’s Coffee House
- One person on-line had this to say about this spot on Hillsborough Street: “Well, I spend my Saturday afternoons at Cup A Joe on Hillsborough Street. I sit in the back and smoke cigars and work on my laptop. To me, it’s comfortable and the coffee is strong and the cookies are good, but the clientele can be a little weird. They are interesting to look at, though.” (Driving distance from Durham to Hillsborough is 14 miles). This may have been the correct location;
- Leah dabbled in poetry, and was influenced in outlook at that time in her life by poet, Author, and Journalist, Jack Kerouac. His public persona and his talented works were a contradiction in terms. His 1951 book ‘”On the Road” no doubt inspired Leah as she set out on her adventure to “find herself and her true calling in life after many losses. (From Biography.com: “On the Road,” a barely fictionalized account of these road trips packed with sex, drugs and jazz. Kerouac’s writing of On the Road in 1951 is the stuff of legend: He wrote the entire novel over one three-week bender of frenzied composition, on a single scroll of paper that was 120 feet long.” Jack died in 1969 of alcoholism and an abdominal hemorrhage at age 47.)
When Last Seen:
- Wearing several pieces of gold, diamond and gem jewelry including 14 carat gold earrings, .3 caret ruby stones, 3 rings on her right hand, 14 caret white gold ring set with .45 carat emerald cut diamond with 2 .07 carat baguette diamonds. (Jewelry may have belonged to her deceased Mother)
- Leah left college in Durham, North Carolina during her senior year –Year 2000;
- She left on a cross-country trip on March 9, 2000 and arriving om the west coast in just three days;
- Leah did not share her specific plans (in true adventurous spirit), but did notify her roommate that she was not suicidal;
- Her 1993 white Jeep Cherokee was found down an embankment wrecked without her as driver or passenger ~ 90 miles north of Seattle; The jeep was located on a logging road in Whatcom County, Washington (setting from a Kerouac novel) nine days after she left North Carolina;
- Belongings found and identified: Cat Food, guitar, compact discs, checkbook , movie ticket stub, and $2,500 tucked in the pocket of a pair of pants, credit card and driver’s license,
- Other Observations: No cat was located or signs of foul play, blankets covered the broken windows (as cover from the elements “for someone”);
- Reportedly she spent just $100.00 in eight days of travel;
- Sightings: A witness supposedly observed Leah and called in a tip from at a Texaco gas Station. The man claimed he and his wife observed her 30 moles from the scene of the crash. She was disoriented and did not know her identity. He abruptly ended the call, perhaps out of panic. Police feel this tip was credible. Reports of the Investigation Discovery show, “Disappeared” revealed that her Jeep may have been tampered with– to accelerate on its own;
- In a Foothills Gazette.com article, Monica Caison is quoted as saying, “She could have been abducted as she walked out of there or that she ran into foul play and they staged it.”
- “Theories” & Speculation: Picked up by a passing motorist while injured and disoriented on Mount baker Highway with an unknown assailant driving her vehicle where foul play ensued; Abduction & Kidnapping; Leah “staged the crash and decided to start a new life”; Leah wrecked her jeep, hitchhiked to get help, and was kidnapped by someone, Leah wrecked her jeep, hit her head, and is alive with some sort of amnesia.
Leah was kidnapped sometime before her car crashed, and the kidnapper crashed her car.
- Leah told two men at a bar-restaurant at lunch she was travelling alone; The perpetrator is a mechanic who tampered with her car and fled to Canada with-without her; She spent the night “in nature” and was removed from the car; A sexual sadist was involved as there was no robbery. And on and on…. In the past, Leah’s sister, Kara, stated, “Leah was a young woman who was lost. You know by the time Leah was 22 she had lost both of her parents and here she is on the verge of graduating from college and I think she just really felt lost and didn’t have a lot of direction and I feel like she took this trip as a soul-searching trip…I think she just needed to go and get away to clear her mind.”
- Investigating Agency
If you have any information concerning this case, please contact:
Whatcom County Sheriff’s Office
Det. Mark Joseph
Whatcom County Dispatch Center
Tour Reviews from previous years:
…….. “a success, a blessing, “a perpetual voice for missing persons everywhere.”
“This group of compassionate people who work harder than I ever imagined, stays on top of every detail, and at the same time, has time for the family, letting them know they are being heard, and helps in guiding them through what many have already endured first hand.” (Judi Jordan)
We honor Leah wherever she may be in 2014. We will never give up searching for her! It matters not what her reasons were to experience her adventure in the manner she did. She was a free spirit, wanting to enjoy life until evil stepped in her path and the occurrence of circumstances beyond her control. The Community United Effort stands read to take action and mend hearts all across the nation for missing persons.
I am so proud to be standing with CUE during their stop in New Haven, Connecticut this year as we honor 2014 National Honoree, Donna Ingersoll, missing from Waubesha, Minnesota since 1990.
PLEASE participate and support the Road to Remember Tour when it comes to your geographic location this year! It is vital to recognize these families and to create increased awareness such that loved ones can, at last be located and a sense of resolution achieved.”
IN THE AFTERMATH OF CRIME: For families of the missing and unsolved homicides who need assistance with completing a customized Victim Impact Statement, See link and contact me
In the aftermath of the mass homicides of Newtown, CT, I wondered how a town collectively heals after such events. We have innumerable examples from which to draw for purposes of discussion. What follows is not an exhaustive account, but a sampling of how each tragedy blossomed into positive remembrances.
The primary element, the motivation in each of these true life occurrences was that the focus was on the humanity and goodness of the victim(s) lost versus the event itself.
The Aftermath of July 23, 2007: The Petit Family Murders:
Following a rampage that included stalking, kidnapping, bank robbery, physical restraint, sexual assault/rape, torture ,murder and arson of Dr. William Petit, Jr and the three Petit women/girls, the State of Connecticut was shaken to its core. Cries for the death penalty for both offenders and an outpouring of collective grief and support were initiated by people around the globe. That one man could survive and ultimately carry on with life is a major miracle. How did the sleepy town of Cheshire begin and continue on the path of recovery?
1) Within the Cheshire playground, Bartlem Park, lined with inscribed bricks, there is one that reads, “In Memory of the Petits;”
2) Cheshire Academy: Employer of Wife/Mother Jennifer Hawk-Petit. (a former nurse), created memorial garden in her name;
3) Creation of the Petit Family Foundation whose multiple missions include the sponsoring of scholarships in the areas of women pursuing careers in science, families of violent crime and Multiple Sclerosis. (Jennifer Hawk- Petit suffered from MS); Also:
- A 5K Road Race
- A Golf Tournament:
- A “Motorcycle Ride for Justice”
- An Evening Honoring Women in Science:
- A Running Team:
- Michaela, youngest daughter of the family, began a community service project, symbolically represented and continued by the harvesting of flower seeds originally salvaged from their home garden, hence Michaela’s Garden
- A concert:
- The United Methodist Church remembers the Petit family throughout the year with special services, and floral arrangements.
- A well-known memorial garden is located at the site of the former Petit homer on Sorghum Mill Drive… The house was razed after being destroyed by arson set by the murderers. The garden is maintained by friends and neighbors and open to the public.
The Aftermath of Columbine High School:
April 20, 1999 A rampage by two crazed, depressed male students who were outcasts with a death wish with grandiose ideas to make an unforgettable impact on the world before they went down. The bomb failed, but the bullets seemingly never stopped until 12 students, and one teacher was shot dead, 21 others were injured.
- The Greater Littletown Youth Initiative: After 13 years, this group composed of school personnel. Mental health professionals, law enforcement and citizens continue to meet every Friday to discuss their children, issues and preventative measures to forestall future attacks: A strong emphasis is placed specifically on “Blueprint” programs.
- A powerful “Lie-down protest” with dozens of participants by the steps of the State Capital the day after the shootings to plead for tougher gun laws.
- Rachael’s Challenge: An outgrowth of kindness and compassion begun at the muddle school level- Anti-bullying;
- Columbine CD Producer Announces New CD Project Honoring Life of Columbine Victim:
- A new CD project has been launched by Columbine CD producer honoring the life and legacy of Rachel Joy Scott, the student who gained much notoriety from her death in the tragedy at Columbine High School.
- Honoring Daniel Welcome to the Daniel Mauser website. This site is dedicated to the memory of Daniel Conner Mauser. Daniel was taken from us in the tragic massacre at Columbine High School on April 20th, 1999.
- The 10th Anniversary of The Columbine Massacre: About 1,000 people gathered for a sunset memorial service at Clement Park, next to the school, where survivors, relatives and current students reflected on the massacre. A dove was released for each of the 13 victims as principal Frank DeAngelis read their names.
The Aftermath of the Virginia Polytechnical Institute and State University Rampage Shootings
On April 16, 2007, 32 students and faculty were killed on campus and 17 others injured in two separate attacks by a deranged student. The massacre prompted the state of Virginia to close legal loopholes that had previously allowed Cho, an individual adjudicated as mentally unsound, to purchase handguns without detection by the National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS). The incident prompted schools nationwide to install state-of-the-art notification systems that would broadcast warnings to cellphones, electronic bulletin boards, e-mail accounts and social media. Virginia Tech, especially, began responding to any campus threat.
- Day of Remembrance: We Remember: Organized runs, candlelight vigils, picnics poetry, music and other events have been part of the remembrance every year…
- The Annual Day of Remembrance & Website: 32 students and faculty members who were tragically taken from their loved ones and our community on April 16, 2007. They ranged in age from 18 to 76 and represented a variety of academic areas, faith and ethnic groups
- VT Engage: The Community Learning Initiative: Includes a variety of service projects and grants to inspire VT students to become part of the larger community.
- The Office of Support & Recovery was initiated after the massacre to facilitate support, commemoration activities, student alerts and provide counseling;
Assassination Attempt of Gabrielle Giffords
The Aftermath of the rampage shootings on January 8, 2011 and attempted assassination of Congresswoman Gabrielle Giffords in Tucson Arizona. Six fatalities and 13 additional injured persons were targeted at a supermarket.
- Americans for Responsible Citizens – Gabby Giffords and husband Mark Kelly’s effort to advocate for responsible gun policies and decrease the power of gun lobbies. ;
- As of February 2012, the U.S, Navy honored Gabby Giffords by naming a ship in her honor for supporting the military and veterans, advocating for renewable energy and championing border security,”
The Aftermath of Newtown, CT /Sandy Hook Elementary School Massacre- December 14. 2012.
A work still in progress with gifts, donations, honors and remembrances of every variety imaginable. However a few words of caution from experts
testifying before the Connecticut Legislature on “Recovering from National Tragedies: How Schools and Communities Recover” February 22, 2013. Experts Dr. Thomas DeMaria of Long Island NY and the 9/11 Mass Homicides and Dr. Marlene Wong of Los Angeles spoke on this topic.
A couple of the many interesting points to keep in mind when formulating recommendations, and implementing policies regarding the outpouring of support and the physical environment of the event:
1) Dealing with the outpouring of gifts – It is well-intentioned, but can be a real problem and barrier to healing as schools have to rent warehouses to store the goods and figure out how to distribute equitably is a real problem as well as the increased expenses incurred. More importantly, the access to celebrities and, numerous material goods is not normal in the everyday scheme of life and should be done with care and caution.
2) It is vitally important to change the entire environment in which the event occurred (if it is not razed) such that children feel safe. Historically, they will not enter an environment where they witnessed violence. Therefore, changing the physical structure, layout, painting, making it bright and welcoming is very important for their healing.
3) If it is not changed, the scene tends to attract local voyeurs and curiosity seekers, going to the site, wanting to have their photo taken on site etc.
A sign of hope. Both psychologists felt that there is a multitude of support in Newtown and Connecticut, and that they are better suited than many small towns to deal with the aftermath. Link: